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Maximum duration a bird can fly without landing

The common swift, a small bird weighing only around 40 grams, has been found to hold the record for the longest continuous flight without landing, lasting an impressive 10 months. Researchers from Lund University in Sweden tracked 13 adult common swifts using data loggers and found that these birds spend over 99.5 percent of their time in the air. The study, published in Current Biology, revealed that some swifts even stayed airborne for the entire 10 months of their migration. The birds' ability to fly for such extended periods is attributed to their efficient flying techniques and streamlined body shapes. While the exact sleeping habits of common swifts remain unknown, researchers speculate that they may sleep while gliding. This remarkable feat has garnered the common swift some dedicated fans. sources

Mar 26 2024, 5 pm

Avoid using conditioner during nuclear war for safety reasons

In light of the ongoing tensions between North Korea and the United States, the threat of nuclear war looms large, prompting individuals to seek advice on surviving a potential thermonuclear exchange. While many have prepared nuclear bunkers and stocked up on supplies, a crucial piece of advice has emerged: in the event of a nuclear war, do not use conditioner on your hair. This warning, issued by Guam's Department of Homeland Security, aims to prevent radioactive material from binding to hair, emphasizing the importance of using soap and water to rinse out radioactive particles. Additionally, the guidelines suggest that individuals caught outside during a nuclear blast should remove their clothing to minimize exposure to radioactive material. As tensions persist, it is essential to prioritize safety measures and heed expert advice to maximize chances of survival in the event of a nuclear attack. sources

Apr 23 2024, 5 am

Does the "Rule of Thumb" work in Fallout TV?

In Amazon's new TV series _Fallout_, a character mentions a "rule of thumb" regarding nuclear blasts, where extending your arm and raising your thumb can determine survival based on the size of the mushroom cloud. While this rule has sparked interest, a team of physicists from the University of Leicester found that for a 15 kiloton blast, standing 1 mile away from the blast center and running laterally to the wind direction could potentially reduce radiation effects. However, experts advise seeking shelter as the preferable strategy in the event of a nuclear blast, following official guidelines to stay inside, away from windows, and await further instructions. Despite the intriguing concept, the effectiveness of the "rule of thumb" remains uncertain due to the unpredictability of wind patterns and the potential release of radiation into the upper atmosphere. sources

Apr 23 2024, 1 am

"Sheep-Eater" Plant Known for Impressive Blooms

The Puya chilensis plant, also known as the "sheep-eater," has gained a formidable reputation due to its sharp spines that can trap passing animals like sheep and birds, leading to their demise. Native to central Chile, this plant is a member of the bromeliad family and is believed to absorb nutrients from the decomposing bodies of trapped animals. Similar accounts have been reported for another plant in the same genus, Puya raimondii, known as the "Queen of the Andes." Scientists speculate that this unique nutrient acquisition strategy may be present in other bromeliad species as well, suggesting a potential link to the evolution of true carnivorous plants. Despite taking around 15 years to bloom, the Puya chilensis puts on a spectacular display with its large yellow flowers standing up to 2 meters high. sources

Apr 19 2024, 10 pm

NASA confirms ISS debris hit Florida house - safety tips

NASA has confirmed that a piece of the International Space Station (ISS) fell on a house in Florida, highlighting the increasing issue of falling space debris. The fragment, identified as a stanchion from NASA flight support equipment, crashed through the roof of Alejandro Otero's house. While no one was injured, the incident has raised concerns about the lack of protocols for reporting and handling fallen space junk. Otero plans to file a claim with NASA for damages, sparking a wider conversation about the responsibilities of space agencies and private companies in disposing of orbiting material. With the risk of falling space debris increasing, international agreements on proper disposal methods are urgently needed to prevent further incidents like this. sources

Apr 22 2024, 11 pm

Astronomers discover massive object beyond Neptune's orbit

A team of astronomers has discovered compelling evidence for the existence of a massive object beyond the orbit of Neptune, potentially confirming the presence of Planet 9 in our solar system. By studying distant, unstable objects that cross Neptune's orbit, researchers have found strong statistical support for the existence of this mysterious planet. Previous methods of discovering planets within our solar system have relied on visual sightings and disturbances in the orbits of other objects. The team's simulations suggest that a massive planet beyond Neptune could explain the stable orbits of these distant objects. While the exact location of Planet 9 remains unknown, the upcoming Vera Rubin Observatory is expected to provide crucial insights into the mysteries of our solar system's outer reaches. The findings have been published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters. sources

Apr 23 2024, 12 am

Study confirms obvious findings about female genitalia

A recent study conducted by physicians at a Swiss Hospital involving 657 women of all ages has confirmed that there is a wide range of diversity in the morphology of female genitalia, debunking the notion of a "normal" appearance. The study, published in the obstetrics and gynecology journal BJOG, found that the size and shape of external genitalia structures varied significantly among participants, with measurements ranging from 12 to 180 millimeters for outer labia length and 6 to 75 millimeters for vaginal opening size. This research is crucial in addressing the prevalent insecurity women feel about their genitals, as evidenced by the increasing number of labiaplasty surgeries performed to alter the appearance of the vulva. The study serves as a reference for doctors to reassure concerned patients and highlights the need to challenge societal taboos surrounding female genitalia. sources

Apr 21 2024, 5 am

People drag bear cubs from tree for selfies

A group of people in North Carolina were caught on camera dragging two black bear cubs out of a tree to take selfies with them, prompting a warning from wildlife officials. The incident, which took place in Buncombe County, resulted in one cub being found and taken to a rehabilitation center, while the other is still missing. The North Carolina Wildlife Agency emphasized the importance of not approaching or handling wild animals, especially young ones, as it can be harmful for both humans and the animals. Mother bears often leave their cubs in a safe place while they forage for food, and interfering with them can lead to abandonment. The agency is actively investigating the incident and sharing the video to raise awareness about the dangers of such actions. sources

Apr 22 2024, 9 pm

Voynich Manuscript Mystery: Female Sex Connection?

The Voynich Manuscript, a 600-year-old enigma filled with strange illustrations and an indecipherable language, has long puzzled scholars. However, two researchers now believe they have cracked at least one aspect of the mysterious text: it is partially about sex. Keagan Brewer and Michelle L. Lewis suggest that the manuscript contains encoded information related to sexual matters, drawing parallels with the work of Bavarian physician Johann Hartlieb. They argue that the manuscript's Rosettes illustration symbolizes the contemporary understanding of sex and conception, with elements representing the uterus and female genitalia. This new interpretation sheds light on the secretive nature of medieval attitudes towards women's health and sexuality, revealing a hidden layer of meaning within the cryptic manuscript. sources

Apr 22 2024, 10 pm

NASA reveals massive glassy lava lake on Jupiter's moon

NASA's Juno spacecraft has captured stunning images of Io, Jupiter's innermost moon, revealing an enormous glassy lava lake known as Loki Patera. This volcanic depression is larger than Lake Ontario on Earth and features an island rising from its surface. Despite being a volcanic hellscape with 400 active volcanoes, Io's thin atmosphere causes the lava to cool, creating a surface as smooth as glass. Juno's close flybys have provided unprecedented insights into this unique moon, with principal investigator Scott Bolton describing the lake as rimmed with hot lava and embedded with islands. The mission has been extended to continue studying Jupiter's atmosphere and storms, with recent findings presented at the European Geophysical Union General Assembly in Vienna. Juno's discoveries are shedding light on the mysteries of Jupiter and its moons. sources

Apr 22 2024, 8 pm

Scientists argue many animals, including insects, may have consciousness

Animal cognition experts argue that consciousness in the animal kingdom may be more widespread than previously believed, extending to insects, reptiles, and mollusks. Research suggests that various animals, from octopuses to crows, dogs, mice, and even insects like bees and flies, exhibit behaviors that imply sentience. Nearly 40 researchers have signed The New York Declaration on Animal Consciousness, acknowledging the potential for conscious experiences in vertebrates and many invertebrates. While some scientists remain skeptical, the signatories hope their statement will prompt further research into animal consciousness and lead to a reevaluation of animal welfare practices. The declaration emphasizes the importance of considering the possibility of conscious experience in animals when making decisions that affect their welfare. sources

Apr 22 2024, 9 pm

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